UPSC  Geography

1. The atmosphere is a gaseous envelope which surrounds Earth’s surface.
Consider the following statements regarding the Earth’s atmosphere.
1) Rotation of Earth helps in binding of atmosphere to Earth’s surface.
2) It sustains life on the Earth by not allowing Earth to become too hot or too cold.
3) Content of water vapour increases from the equator towards the poles.
Choose the correct statement/s from the following code.

1, 2 only. 2 only. 2, 3 only. All the above.

2. Consider the following
1. These clouds are one of the highest clouds in the atmosphere
2. They are also called thunderheads and produce rains, thunder and lightning
Select the correct answer based on above statements

Stratocumulus Cumulonimbus Nimbostratus Cirrocumulus

3. Generally the incoming solar radiations are absorbed, scattered and reflected in the
atmosphere. Based on the above statement which of the following is/are correctly
matched?
1) Clouds --- reflection.
2) atmospheric gases --- scattering.
3) Dust particles, haze --- absorption.
Choose the correct code from the codes below.

1 only. 1, 2 only. 1, 3 only. All the above.

4. Consider the statements regarding the cyclones.
1) In a cyclone, the air circulation is anti-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
2) Tropical cyclones being embedded in the Trade winds, in general move from East to West.
3) Temperate cyclones being embedded in the Westerlies, in general move from West to East.
Choose the correct statement/s from the following codes.

1, 2 only. 2, 3 only. 1, 3 only. All the above.

5. Coral reefs destruction is a major concern in the backdrop of Climate Change. Consider
the statements regarding the coral reefs.
1) Coral reefs are example of a symbiotic relation between coral polyps and
photosynthetic algae.
2) Coral reefs are confined to deep waters.
3) Coral reefs are marine equivalent of tropical rain forest.
Which of the statement/s is/are true?

1, 2 only. 2, 3 only. 1, 3 only. All the above.

6. Consider the following statements.
1) Pelagic waters are the surface waters between two shorelines extensive upto the depth of 500 meters.
2) Benthic waters extend from the depth of 500 meters to the base of the ocean.
Which of the following statement/s is/are true?

1 only. 2 only. Both the above. None of the above.

7. Frank Joseph land of Russia makes the northern most limit of summer vegetation in Tundra climate. Which is the type of precipitation that occurs in this region that supports this vegetation?

A very low cyclonic depression that causes light rainfall in the form of snow fall. Frontal precipitation that causes precipitation in the form of snow fall. Convectional type of precipitation. Both 1 and 2.

8. With reference to frontal precipitation, consider the following statements:
1. Precipitation associated with a warm front is of long duration.
2. Heavy but short duration precipitation occurs because of stationary front.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1 only 2 only Both 1 and 2 Neither 1 nor 2

9. A particular ocean has a broad shape of ‘S’ in the North South orientation. Which is that ocean?

Atlantic Ocean. Pacific Ocean. Indian Ocean. Southern Ocean.

10. Consider the following statements regarding the atomic minerals.
1. Uranium occurs both in the earth’s crust as well as sea water.
2. India has one of the richest reserves of thorium in the world.
3. US have the highest reserves of uranium in the world.
Which of the above statements are correct?

1 only. 1, 2 only. 2, 3 only. All the above.

 

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