International Day of Democracy observed globally

The International Day of Democracy was observed across the world on 15 September 2017. The day was celebrated this year with the theme ‘Democracy and Conflict prevention’.

This year’s theme focuses on the critical need to strengthen democratic institutions to promote peace and stability.

Resilient Societies

• These are societies that are able to mitigate disputes through mediation, dialogue and a reasonable degree of legitimacy of their institutions.

• However, in order to create and foster such resilient societies, effective and inclusive democratic governance is required that not only has respect for human rights but also for the rule of law.

How to achieve it?

• Developing effective conflict prevention mechanisms and infrastructures provide a foundation to resolve grievances and sustain peace.

• Processes, such as peace agreements, elections and constitutional reforms, also help maintain equilibrium between competing interests and reduce fragility and the likelihood of organized violence.

• Strong leadership that helps strengthen civil society, empower women, supports democracy and upholds the rule of law, is also fundamental to preserve peace and stability.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which was adopted by world leaders in September 2015 at a historic UN Summit, also addresses democracy in Sustainable Development Goal 16.


• The International Day of Democracy provides an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world.

• Democracy is both a process as well as a goal and can only be made a reality if it has full support and participation by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society and individuals.

• The essential elements of democracy include values of freedom, respect for human rights and the principle of holding periodic and genuine elections by universal suffrage.

• These values are embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

• Democracy too, in turn, provides the natural environment for the protection and effective realisation of human rights.

Devendra Fadnavis launches ‘Maharashtra Mission 1 Million’ initiative

Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis on 15 September 2017 launched the ‘Maharashtra Mission 1 Million’ initiative under which, over 10 lakh students across the state will play football.

The mission was launched in an attempt to support the FIFA U17 World Cup, which is happening for the first-ever time in India and Maharashtra.

The under-17 football world cup is set to kick off in October 2017. According to Devendra Fadnavis, the mission will not only create football players and lovers of the game, but will also help in overall development of the state.

Under the initiative, the state government aims to ensure that children come out in open spaces and play football.

Initiating the same, Fadnavis himself kicked the ball for a brief while at the Bombay Gymkhana in the presence of State Sports minister, Vinod Tawde. The state government also distributed 1 lakh footballs in more than 30000 schools.

Overall, the inaugural day itself saw 1 million kids, students from various schools including visually challenged ones, play football creating history.

The FIFA U17 World Cup

• India is playing the host for the FIFA U17 World Cup for the first-ever time.

• The tournament would include a total of 52 matches.

• The matches would be held at 6 cities across India including New Delhi, Navi Mumbai, Goa, Kochi, Kolkata and Guwahati.

President of India Launches ‘Swachhta hi Seva’ Campaign

To take the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan at a higher level, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, The President of India, on September 15, 2017, launched a nationwide sanitation campaign, ‘Swachhta hi Seva’ (Cleanliness is Service), at Ishwariganj village in Kanpur.

The President also administered ‘Swachhta hi Seva’ oath to all present there whereby they pledged to create a healthy, clean, and new India.

This ‘Swachhta hi Seva’ campaign aimed to strengthen the flagship program ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’.

After the launch of this campaign, the President honoured village-level champions who contributed to making Ishwariganj village ‘Open Defecation Free’.

Devendra Fadnavis launches ‘Maharashtra Mission 1 Million’ initiative

The President also launched the Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities in the village which is the next major step in Swachhta after getting the villages Open Defecation Free.

Before launching of this campaign, the President addressed the people out there and said India is on a war for Healthy and clean India. He also stressed on the responsibility of making India clean on not only the sanitation personnel but on the entire country.

He said every person in this country is Nation Builder (Rashtra Nirmata). Together we should make the effort to clean our houses, public places, villages and cities.

The aim is all-round cleanliness and hygiene everywhere, with implications for health and sanitation and overall prosperity of our people. Achieving the goals of the Swachh Bharat Mission expeditiously will be an appropriate tribute to the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.